The Porsche Tennis Grand Prix is an indoor sand court tournament of the WTA, which takes place in the Porsche Arena in Stuttgart. 1921: Germantown This is a grass court. Over time, the game spread and evolved throughout Europe and beyond. In 1972, the conflict between the ILTF and the WCT culminated in the ILTF banning the contract professional players from all ILTF Grand Prix events between January and July, which included the 1972 French Open and 1972 Wimbledon. Pyle established the first professional tour with a group of American and French players playing exhibition matches to paying audiences. The WTA Tour Championships are generally considered to be the women's fifth most prestigious event (after the four Grand Slam tournaments.) Lawn Tennis Sources [1] British Origins. The independent professional players along with a few contract players, entered the Grand Prix circuit. Historians believe that the name 'tennis' came … [19][20] By the 16th century, the glove had become a racket, the game had moved to an enclosed playing area, and the rules had stabilized. After she was turned down, she donated a trophy in 1923 that would be known as the Wightman Cup, awarded in an annual match between the two strongest women's tennis nations of the time, the United States and Great Britain.[63]. For every point scored, the hand was moved to the next quarter (15, 30, 45). It is additionally the first of the four “Grand Slams” to be established. Tennis Facts Trivia Report Tennis was played as an official Olympic sport in the year 1896. The Australian Open was first played in 1905 as The Australasian (Australia and New Zealand) Championships. Most rules of (lawn) tennis derive from this precursor and it is reasonable to see both sports as variations of the same game. Although the history of tennis in the United States is relatively short, the popularity of tennis has steadily increased since its introduction to the States in 1874. 1978: Flushing Meadows. Interesting Tennis Facts: The first patented version of tennis, lawn tennis, was given the name Sphairistike. [4][6] Once a player turned pro, he or she could not compete in the major (amateur) tournaments.[4]. Events 1 - 100 of 239. Played in a monastery courtyard, the game used the walls and sloping roofs as part of the court and the palm of the hand to hit the ball. First, early in the 11th century, players in France played a sport like this with their hands. [39] None of these quirks survived the Marylebone Cricket Club's 1875 Rules of Lawn Tennis that have been official, with periodic slight modifications, ever since then. [56] The U.S. National Women's Singles Championships were first held in 1887 in Philadelphia.[57]. Tennis dates back to 12th century France when it was played in the form of a handball game called ‘paume’ or palm. Wightman's original idea for a worldwide women's team tournament would bear fruit more than 40 years later in 1962, when Nell Hopman persuaded the ITF to begin sponsoring such an event. On May 21, 1881, the United States National Lawn Tennis Association (now the United States Tennis Association) was formed to standardize the rules and organize competitions. ", "receive!" In the 15th century the players played with rackets. For other uses, see, Tournaments and tours of the pre-Open Era, National Tennis League (NTL) and World Championship Tennis (WCT), Tour rivalries and the creation of the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP). 73. 1975: Clay Har-Tru In 1873, Major Walter Wingfield invented a version of tennis that could be played outdoors on a lawn. Since the mid 1920s they became and have remained the more prestigious events in tennis. In 1912 at Hastings His successor Henry II (1547–59) was also an excellent player and continued the royal French tradition. 1927: Australian Championships The Porsche Tennis Grand Prix is an indoor sand court tournament of the WTA, which takes place in the Porsche Arena in Stuttgart. According to most historians, the game of tennis was invented by French monks in the 11th or 12th century. 11th century beginnings. It has the mass of 0.095 oz or 2.7 grams. Let’s see some amazing facts and trivia about it! Read on about tennis facts and information. Originally, the court was an hour-glass shape. The early game matured into what is now called "real tennis," and England's Hampton Court, built in 1625, is still used today. Introduction to Tennis What we call the game of tennis took about a millennium to evolve into the game we know today. The diameter is 1.57 inches or 40 millimeters. He didn't think the game would catch on. [8][9][10], The word tennis came into use in English in the mid-14th century from Old French, via the Anglo-Norman term Tenez, which can be translated as "hold! Initially, tennis players would play on carefully groomed lawns. "[65], During the first years of the Open Era, power struggles between the ILTF and the commercial promoters led to boycotts of Grand Slam events. In 1874, the very first lawn tennis tournament was played in the USA. However, a clear history of tennis dates back to the twelfth century in France. By 1905 the tournament had expanded to include Belgium, Austria, France, and Australasia, a combined team from Australia and New Zealand that competed jointly until 1913. There was also a doubles match which was won by a local pair. [26] One of the most striking early references appears in a painting by Giambattista Tiepolo entitled The Death of Hyacinth (1752–1753) in which a strung racket and three tennis balls are depicted. 72. The game involved hitting a ball back and forth by hand. [65] Events in Sport. Tennis comes from the French tenez, the plural imperative form of the verb tenir, to hold, meaning "hold! The Davis Cup, an annual competition between men's national teams, dates to 1900. 1905: Grass Each surface allows for a different style of play to excel as the bounce and speed of the ball can vary dramatically. How the game of tennis is played. Rectangular courts were created in 1875 for Wimbledon. In the first two years of the Open Era, the National Tennis League and WCT promoters began to take control of the game. Each time a player scored, players moved 15-feet forward. [77] The building contains a large collection of memorabilia as well as honoring prominent players and others. The third point was scored with both players up at the net, and so the final point was made at 10 yards. 1928: Stade Roland Garros, Paris. The first Federation Cup was played in 1963 as part of the ITF's 50th anniversary celebrations; it involved 16 countries and was played over one week. The name table tennis was adopted in 1921–22 when the old Ping-Pong Association formed in 1902 was revived. Tennis is an old sport with a rich history of technological development in equipment. In 1555 an Italian priest, Antonio Scaino da Salothe, wrote the first known book about tennis, Trattato del Giuoco della Palla. 71. [a][13][14][15][16], Tennis is mentioned in literature as far back as the Middle Ages. History of Tennis The modern tennis game is associated with England, and in fact, it was this country that began to elevate this sport to new audiences and make it as popular as it is today, being proof of this the tournament of Wimbledon, which is the oldest Tournament of the world, taking place in London from 1877. Tennis has a long history, but the birth of the game played today is thought to have taken place in England. The numbers in the tournament type name indicate the winners' ranking points. [citation needed]. While this exact court is no longer in existence, a similar court was built in its place in 1625. Name change Tennis was one of the sports enjoyed mainly by the social elite and to a lesser degree by the middle class in late-nineteenth-century America. The racket sport traditionally named lawn tennis, now commonly known simply as tennis, is the direct descendant of what is now denoted real tennis or royal tennis, which continues to be played today as a separate sport with more complex rules. In 1970, NTL players did not play in the Australian Open because their organization did not receive a guarantee. 1913 also saw 12 national tennis associations agree at a Paris conference to form the International Lawn Tennis Federation (ILTF), renamed in 1977 as the current International Tennis Federation (ITF). Tiepolo's painting, displayed at the Museo Thyssen Bornemisza in Madrid, was ordered in 1752 by German count Wilhelm Friedrich Schaumburg Lippe, who was an avid tennis player. Gladys Heldman, American publisher of World Tennis magazine, responded with a separate women's tour under the sponsorship of Virginia Slims cigarettes. [4][6] Once a player turned pro he or she could not compete in the major (amateur) tournaments. From the royal courts of England and France to centre court at Wimbledon, from Henry VIII to Federer the great, the game of tennis is steeped in history and tradition. 1877: Worple Road, Wimbledon From the beginning of lawn tennis in the 1870’s, India rubber, made from a vulcanization process invented by Charles Goodyear in the 1850s, was used to make lawn tennis balls. In retaliation, 81 out of 84 of Pilic's fellow players who were ATP members, boycotted 1973 Wimbledon in response, stating that professional players should have the right of deciding whether to play Davis Cup matches or not. In 1986, yellow tennis balls were used at Wimbledon for the first time. Those rules were adopted by the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club for the first Lawn Tennis Championship, at Wimbledon in 1877 (the men who devised those rules were members of both clubs). The International Lawn Tennis Federation, alarmed by the control of the promoters, approved Kramer's Grand Prix. Real tennis is mentioned in literature by William Shakespeare who mentions "tennis balles" in Henry V (1599), when a basket of them is given to King Henry as a mockery of his youth and playfulness; the incident is also mentioned in some earlier chronicles and ballads. Name change In America in the 1970s, courts are a common feature of public recreational facilities. In 1995, the ITF introduced a new Davis Cup-style format for the competition and rechristened it the Fed Cup. Before the Open Era, the leading professional players were under contract with a professional promoter who controlled their appearances. The monks played a game called name je de paume, 'game of the hand,' in which they used their hand to hit a wooden ball over a rope stretched across the courtyard. Major professional tennis tournaments before the Open Era, Open Era tennis records – women's singles, Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP), Men's International Professional Tennis Council, USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center, Sports and Games of the 18th and 19th Centuries, "History of the Pro Tennis Wars Chapter 2, part 1 1927–1928", Tennis, professional tournaments before the Open Era, "Max Clifford to help shed tennis' middle-class image", "There are 3 levels of social class in tennis: Upper middle class, middle class and lower middle class", "tennis – Origin and history of tennis by Online Etymology Dictionary", http://www.leamingtonrealtennis.co.uk/history-of-the-game/leamington-and-tennis.html, "When the Girls Came Out to Play: The Birth of American Sportswear", "Bermudas Place in Tennis History > The IC of Bermuda", Speaking of animals: a dictionary of animal metaphors, "History of United States Tennis Association", "Tennis: Britain Misses Out on World Party That Once Roused Fury of the Fuhrer", "James Henry Van Alen in the Tennis Hall of Fame", "Event Guide / History: Roland-Garros, a never-ending story", "International Tennis Hall of Fame Information", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_tennis&oldid=992933178, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2017, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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